Annex 2: Secondary school curricula for Biology, Chemistry, and Physics used for entrance exams
Topics for entrance exam, Biology
- Cells: what cells are and why are they important.
- Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: what they are and what is their function.
- Chemistry of life: elements and compounds of living organisms, macromolecules, genes, polypeptides and enzymes.
- Microorganisms: bacteria, viruses.
- Molecular Genetics: genes and chromosomes, genetic modification.
- Mendelian Genetics: monohybrid crosses, dihybrid crosses, laws of inheritance, crossing over.
- RNA: chemistry, structure and function.
- DNA: chemistry, structure and function.
- Proteins: structure and function.
- Evolution: origin of life on Earth, human origins and evolution, molecular evolution.
- Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis: Krebs cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, mitochondria, cellular respiration.
- Biotechnology: methods used in diagnostics and research.
- Human health and physiology basics: nerve impulses, antibodies, blood and blood transport, reproduction and development.
- Ecology: plants and animals classification, populations dynamics, natural selection, global warming and the greenhouse effect.
Study materials :
Pearson Baccalaureate: Standard Level Biology for the IB Diploma (Pearson International Baccalaureate Diploma: International E) (Paperback) By (author) William Ward, By (author) Patricia Tosto, By (author) Randy Mcgonegal, By (author) Alan Damon
Topics for entrance exam, Chemistry
- SI units, conversions
- Classification of matter, states and properties o matter,
- Atoms and elements, atomic structure, atomic and mass number, isotopes
- Main groups in periodic table, group properties
- Chemical compounds and bonds, writing the formula of a given compound, nomenclature of inorganic compounds
- Solutions, acids and bases, pH of solution
- Calculations in chemistry: mass, molecular weight, mole, solution concentration, solution dilution, pH
- Balancing chemical reaction
- Organic chemistry: functional groups , nomenclature of organic compounds
- Alcohols, phenols and ethers, properties and characteristic reactions
- Aldehyde and ketones, properties and characteristic reactions
- Carboxylic acids and esters, properties and characteristic reactions
- Amines and amides, properties and characteristic reactions
- Biomolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids an proteins-nomenclature, chemical and physicals properties.
Chemistry: Standard Level - Developed Specifically for the IB Diploma (Pearson Baccalaureate Catrin Brown (Author), Mike Ford (Author)
Topics for entrance exam, Physics
- Kinematics: 1.1 Distance and Displacement. 1.2 Speed and Velocity. 1.3 Acceleration. 14. Average Velocity or Speed. 1.5 The Acceleration Due to Gravity. 1.6 Motion in 2D.
- Force and Newton’s Laws of Motion: 2.1 The Concept of Force. 2.2 Kinds of Force. 2.3 Newton Laws of Motion. 2.4 Newtonian Gravity.
- Motion in a Circle: 3.1 Description of Circular Motion. 3.2 Circular Velocity and Acceleration. 3.3 Centripetal Force. 3.4 Sources of Centripetal Force.
- Statics: 4.1 Equilibrium. 4.2 Torque. 4.3 The Principle of Moments. 4.4 Centre of Gravity or Centre of Mass. 4.4 Stability.
- Energy17.5 Lenses: 5.1 What is Energy? 5.2 Work. 5.3 Kinetic Energy. 5.4 Potential Energy. 5.5 Conservative Forces. 5.6 Conservation of Total Energy. 5.7 Power.
- Momentum: 6.1 Linear Momentum. 6.2 Newton's Laws and Momentum. 6.3 Collisions: Elastic and Inelastic Collisions.
- Elasticity: Stress and Strain: 7.1 Hooke's Law. 7.2 Tension and Compression. 7.3 Shear Stress and Strain.
- Simple Harmonic Motion and Waves: 8.1 Simple Harmonic Motion. 8.2 The Simple Pendulum. 8.3 Frequency, Wavelength, & Speed. 8.4 Types of Wave. 8.5 Waves and Energy.
- Sound and Hearing: 9.1 Sound Waves . 9.2 Resonance and Sound Generation. 9.3 The Doppler Effect.
- Fluid Statics: 10.1 Pressure. 10.2 Density. 10.3 Pascal’s Principle. 10.4 The Buoyant Force. 10.5 Archimedes Principle
- Fluid Dynamics: 11.1 The Equation of Continuity. 11.2 Bernoulli's Equation. 11.3 Viscosity.
- Temperature and Heat: 12.1 Thermal Equilibrium. 12.2 Thermal Expansion of Materials. 12.3 Phase Changes. 12.4 Heat Transfer : Conduction, Convection, Radiation. 12.5 The First Law of Thermodinamics.
- Ideal Gases: 13.1 The Gas Laws: Boyl-Mariotte's, Gay-Lussac's, Charle's Laws
- Static Electricity: 14.1 Charge. 14.2 Conductors and Insulators. 14.3 Coulomb's Law. 14.4 The Electric Field. 14.5 Electrical Potential Energy. 14.6 Electrical Potential. 14.7 The Capacitor. 14.8 Capacitors in Series and Parallel.
- Direct Currents and DC Circuits: 15.1 Electric Current. 15.2 Direct Versus Alternating Current. 15.3 Power Sources. 15.4 Resistance and Ohm's Law. 15.5 Resistors and Resistivity. 15.6 Kirchhoff’s Laws. 15.7 Resistors in Series and Parallel.
- Geometric Optics: 16.1 Ray Diagrams. 16.2 Reflection. 16.3 Refraction 16.4 Plane Mirrors. 16.5 Spherical Mirrors. 16.6 Lenses 16.7 Magnification..
- Atoms and Atomic Physics: 17.1 Parts of the Atom. 15.2 Orbitals and Energy Levels. 17.3 The Böhr Model of the Atom. 17.4 Multi-Electron Atoms.
- The Nucleus and Nuclear Physics: 18.1 Protons and Neutrons. 18.2 Nuclei and Isotopes. 18.3 Energy and Mass Units. 18.4 Nuclear Force. 18.5 Nuclear Decay and Stability. 18.6 Activity and Half-Life.
Study materials :
Pearson Baccalaureate: Standard Level Physics for the IB Diploma (Pearson International Baccalaureate Diploma: International Editions) Chris Hamper (Author), Keith Ord (Author)